1. Ubuntu 18.04.3 Setup & Configuration on VMWare – Windows 10 Host

Hi,

This is in a series of post I am writing about setting up the Ubuntu 18.04.3 VM on the VMWare, Windows 10 Host.

I wouldn’t delve much into the nitty-gritty of setting up VMware on your PC and downloading ISO from Ubuntu website and configuring the VM. I hope this is all figured out on your end.

But to the following steps which are essential towards setting up a well connected VM to begin with are as follows:

  • Ensure you have setup the NAT (Network Settings) on you VM before hand you start your ISO setup ,and also ensure your host machine is also connected to internet

  • Once the VM boots up and user will be presented with the following screens, please follow through the configurations as illustrated:
    (I am skipping some of the presented screens which are user preferences of language and keyboard layout, but focusing on the technical ones)

  • Network Configuration

    This is one of the important configuration screens one comes across setting up their Ubuntu. In this screen if every thing goes well your VM will be allocated an IP address in the form highlighted.

    Initially I had a slight confusion about the /24 next to my IP then I cam across this information:

    https://arstechnica.com/civis/viewtopic.php?t=751834

    social.technet.microsoft.com

    Once in this format your screen presented we are good to move on to next one.

  • (Skipped proxy configuration, mirror archive address (the archive which Ubuntu uses for its package updates))

  • Disk Setup and LVM (Logical Volume Management)

    In this step we will move on configuring the disk for our VM and will choose its management via LVM (option presented in the setup)

    In all the above steps, I am just progressing ahead with the default selections in place.

  • Computer Name & Admin User
    In this step we will go ahead and name our new server, with our new admin/root user credentials

    In this step, I would strongly recommend NOT to use a very strong password, as post setup step there are number of times you would have to re-boot the server and usage of sudo commands would often require you to type in the password for the root user.

  • Install Open SSH server
    In the next step do ensure to tick box the option to Install the Open SSH server on the VM to remote into the server from remote terminals (via Putty) as it helps when you dont have direct access to the server based on the Physical VMWare (usually in productions VM servers)

    To select the option hit the space bar to select yes/no

  • Optional Packages
    In the next step the installer would ask you to choose, if the server has access to the internet via the host system, a list of multiple packages to be installed in the server.

    Usually in this stage I would skip all the options and progress ahead with the installation of the server, as this usually a suggestive list and would differ from user to user and their requirements for putting up the server and can be achieved via Ubuntu APT commands

And voila !!!

Following the above mentioned steps the installation proceeds with the setting up of the new server and following we get few re-starts.
Then we are presented with the following screen:

Login with the credentials for the admin/root user you set-up and you are presented with the welcome screen and relevant information about the server.

And you server is now ready for its next steps of re-configurations !!!

Hope it helps.

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